Bristol EHCP Statistics for 2018:
Latest Government figures released by the Department Of Education, found that the number of EHCPs held by children and young people in England has increased, whilst the number being issued on time fell.
In 2018, a total of 354,000 children and young people had an EHC Plan maintained by their Local Authority. This is an 11 per cent increase in a year.
During 2018, all Local Authorities received 72,400 initial requests for needs assessments. Of these requests, 17,900 – a 25 per cent – were refused.
Overall, the number of children with Send in England increased from 1.24 million pupils in 2017 to 1.28 million in 2018.
Sen support is additional or differentiated help given to students which often involves the class teacher and SendCo seeking advice from outside agencies.
Should a child or young person with Send require more help and support than the school is able to offer with their Notional Send funding, a needs assessment may be made by either the parent or school.
Once a needs assessment is requested, the Local Authority must take no more than 20 weeks for the entire process to finish. Across England, 60 per cent were issued within the 20 week time limit, which was a decrease from 65 per cent in 2017.
New EHC plans issued in England within 20 weeks – excluding exception cases
Exception cases with EHCPs are times when Local Authorities may break the 20 week deadline. These are situations where the child or family have personal circumstances affecting the process. It may also be because the child or parents are not living in the LA for a specific period of time. Or, cases where the request is made during the school summer holiday which affects the LA being able to approach schools for professional advice.
How did Bristol do with EHCP statistics during 2018?
The number of children and young people in Bristol with an EHCP has continued to grow.
As of January 2019, what kind of educational provision did children and young people in Bristol holding an EHCP have?
Total Number of children and young people for whom the authority maintains a statement of SEN or EHC plan: 2280
Non-maintained early years settings in the private and voluntary sector: 0
Mainstream school: LA maintained (including foundation schools): 112
Mainstream school: LA maintained (SEN Unit): 0
Mainstream school: LA maintained (resourced provision): 02
Mainstream school: academy: 280
Mainstream school: academy (SEN Unit): 127
Mainstream school: academy (resourced provision): 41
Mainstream school: free school: 28
Mainstream school: free school (SEN Unit): 0
Mainstream school: free school (resourced provision): 0
Mainstream school: independent school: 11
Special school: LA maintained (including foundation schools): 634
Special school: academy/free: 265
Special school: non-maintained: 14
Special school: independent special schools: 50
Hospital schools (including foundation schools): 14
Alternative Provision (AP)/Pupil Referral Unit (PRU): LA maintained: 01
AP/PRU: academy: 01
AP/PRU: free school: 03
Post-16: general FE and tertiary colleges/HE: 477
Post-16: other FE: 06
Post-16: sixth form college: 05
Post-16: Specialist post-16 institutions: 35
Number of children and young people with EHC plans who are educated elsewhere: 54
Number of children and young people with EHC plans who are not in education, employment or training: 120
In Apprenticeship: 14
Supported internships: 31
As of January 2019, Bristol EHCP figures broken down by age group were:
Under the age of 5 years: 49
5-10 years: 555
11-15 years: 828
16-19 years: 677
20-25 years: 171
EHCPs issued within 20 weeks by Bristol for the calendar years 2014 – 2018 were:
In Bristol, during the calendar year of 2018, the number of requests made:
Number of initial requests that were made for assessment for an EHC plan during the 2018 calendar year: 607
Number of initial requests for assessment for an EHC plan that were refused during the 2018 calendar year: 74 (12.2 per cent)
Number of children and young people assessed and decision taken whether or not to issue an EHC plan during the 2018 calendar year: 177
Children and young people assessed during the 2018 calendar year for whom it was decided not to issue an EHC plan: 05 (2.8 per cent)
Children and young people for whom EHC plans were made for the first time during the 2018 calendar year: 172
Number of children and young people assessed for an EHC plan during the 2018 calendar year who are still being assessed or those where assessment has been completed by the census date but no decision taken for an EHC plan: 269
Number of children and young people with statements or EHC plans made prior to 1 January 2018 who transferred during the 2018 calendar year – From mainstream settings to special settings: 95 and From special settings to mainstream settings: 68
Number of children and young people with statements or EHC plans made prior to 1 January 2018 who during the 2018 calendar year were taken out of school by their parents to be home educated: From mainstream settings 05 and from From special settings: 01
Number of children and young people whose statements or EHC plans have been reviewed and discontinued in the 2018 calendar year because they:
Transferred to another local authority: 45
Special needs are being met without an EHC plan: 10
Number of children and young people whose statements or EHC plans have been discontinued in the 2018 calendar year because they have left school at the end of compulsory schooling or after: 130
Children and young people with statements, who were assessed and a decision made to issue an EHC plan, between 18th January 2018 and 31st March 2018: 144
Children and young people with statements, who were assessed and a decision made not to issue EHC plan, between 18th January 2018 and 31st March 2018: 0
The Bristol statistics throw up many questions, especially around the effective provision of Send in Bristol. The city is not only failing to get the EHCP process done on time, the 24.4 per cent rate is atrocious.
Annual statistics clearly showed a growing need for EHCPS, yet Bristol was not prepared for the ‘unprecedented demand’.
Special Schools obviously have the highest number of children with EHCPS, yet there is a shortfall of places in Bristol.
There is a massive jump in the number of children and young people aged between 11-15 years with EHCPs compared to junior aged children. This suggests that more could be done before children potentially end up in crisis.
Despite having an EHCP, five children were removed from mainstream and one child was removed from a special school to be educated at home, suggesting the right provision was not available.
Ten children and young people had an EHCP removed because their special needs are being met without one. During a national Send funding crisis.
Statistics show there are 11 children or young people in a mainstream independent school, 50 in an independent specialist school and 14 in hospital education, showing that an appropriate range and availability of specialist placements are not available through either state or academy availability.
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